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The Nádizumzum Orchestra


In Ipolytölgyes, Hungary, in Szent Erzsébet Home, a nursing home for people live with severe disabilities an orchestra was founded in 2007 called Nádizumzum.



The members this orchestra already has performed more than 50 concerts in their home, as well as in other parts of Hungary. Our increasing repertoire consists of more than 80 Hungarian folk songs.


The project started as a free-time activity. We wanted to make music together. During this activity it became obvious, that these experiences could give various opportunities for personal development.


Kodály  accentuated the importance of common shared music acclaiming that, “without playing chamber music and singing in choirs, nobody can become a good musician” (Kodály, 1953). His  work (supported by research) proved the transfer effects of music in attention, concentration, social skills, creativity, motivation and memory. (See more: notes below.)


Practice shows that the musicians are able  understand the meaning of the obligations that come along with being part of an orchestra. Their level of concentration has been improving continually, so much so that they can now play for an hour or more. vigasztalas.jpgThey also have to learn to delay the gratification of their needs and their appetite. They have been increasing in toleration of the the frustration that comes along with these adjustments. The music sessions offer a new experience of belonging. Giving concerts become a source of success and appreciation. These people, who often deprived of the possibility to take responsibility for their own lives, become aware of their ability to give.This new perspective increases their self-esteem and self-confidence. szureti-utosok.jpg


This is also important for the parents; often the concert is the first event when they can be proud of their child, sharing videos from the concerts.  In our concerts we are performing popular and well-known folk-songs; therefore the audience can participate and sing along with the orchestra. 


See more (in Hungarian): or Nadizumzum Orchestra on Facebook.



Andriska, Sz. (2011) Értelmileg akadályozott fiatalok zenetanulása, zenei vonatkozású integrációja (Thesis, Budapest, Liszt Ferenc University of Music)

Kodály, Z (1953) Who is a Good Musician, closing ceremony of the Academic Year. In.: The selected writings of Zoltán Kodály. Trans. Halápy, L Macnicol, F. London: Boosey & Hawkes, 1974.

Tiszai, L (2013): Zenéből hidakat A befogadó társadalomról a Nádizumzum zenekar bemutatásán keresztül. Tudomány-Felsőfokon 2013/2 Szárliget, Új Tudós Kiadó.

Tiszai, L. (2013) "Legyen a zene tényleg mindenkié" Nádizumzum - egy halmozottan sérültekből álló zenekar születése. Gyógypedagógiai Szemle 2013/2. 213-222 (



The transfer effect is an evergreen topic of different scientific research. It had sparked heated debates since its discovery. (More details can be found in the recommended articles below.)

Kodály's opinion, according to which music education has a power to improve academic and social skills was proved by longitudinal research.


Hungarian research about the Kodály-based Education:

Bácskai, E., Manchin, R., Sági M., & Vitányi I., (1972). Ének-zenei iskolába jártak. Budapest: Zeneműkiadó.

Barkóczi, I. & Pléh Cs. (1977). Kodály zenei nevelési módszerének pszichológiai hatásvizsgálata Kecskemét: Kodály Intézet

Dohány, G (2013) Connections Between Music Literacy And Music-Related Background Variables: An Empirical Investigation  Among Secondory Students (Doctoral thesis in University of Szeged)


Gévainé-Janurik, M (2007): Áramlatélmény az iskolai ének-zeneórákon.  Magyar Pedagógia, 107/4.. pp 295–320.


Gévainé-Janurik, M (2008): Betöltik-e szerepüket az ének-zeneórák a mai oktatásban? Iskolakultúra , 18 . 9–10.pp 107–117


Gönczy L (2009) : Kodály-koncepció : A megértés és alkalmazás nehézségei Magyarországon. Magyar Pedagógia 109/2 pp.169-185 (Parlando, 2014. 54. 4)

Kokas, K. (1972). Képességfejlesztés zenei neveléssel. Budapest: Zeneműkiadó.

Kokas, K. (1969). Psychological testing in Hungarian music education. Journal of Research in Music Education. Nr17. pp.125-134

Laczo, Z. (1985). The nonmusical outcomes of music education: Influence on intelligence. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 85, 109-118.

Laczó Z (2002) : Lélektan, zenepedagógia és társadalom Parlando : 44/ 3. pp 33-40

Raffay, Zs (2005) Az esélyegyenlőtlenség csökkentése zenei neveléssel (Thesis. Eötvös Lorand University Faculty of Education. Budapest, Hungary).


Turmezeyné-Heller, E, Máth, J & Balogh L. (2005): Zenei képességek és iskolai fejlesztés.  Magyar Pedagógia ,105/2. pp 207–236.


Recent research of the Hungarian Scientific Academy:

International research:

Apart from the theoretical discussion just a for breif summary see:  Susan Hallam: The Power of Music: Its Impact on the Intellectual, Social and Personal Development of Children and Young People.

The invention of neuroimaging also opened an avenue for research. See: Amber Dahlen Petterson (2011) The Impact of Neuroscience on Music Education Advocacy and Philosophy .

Peterson, A. D. (2011) : The Impact of Neuroscience on Music Education Advocacy and Philosophy. Arts Education Policy Review, 112: 206–213

Suggested citation:

Tiszai, L. 2015, March 07. Consonante /The Nádizumzum Orchestra