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szolocitera-ulwilla.jpgAny kind of musical instrument can be used and modified. The possible tone colors increaseing with the variability of the instruments. Heinrich Ullrich, father of the ULWILA method accentuates the importance of aesthetics: in his method instruments are simple, rounded, easy to handle and always made of wood. On the other hand, the advantages of plastic instruments include that they are easier to handle and clean and they are also cheaper.


lilikeze.jpgFinding an appropriate instrument to suit the individualized automatic movements of the musician can prove to be rather challenging. Sometimes it means to use their given and usually obsessive movements, as knuckling a slider of the zipper and use them in order make an instrument sound.

Future musicians keep repeating stereotype movements what make sound or use everyday objects as musical instruments.  The question is whether if she uses it just for the movement or the sound is also important part of the motivation. Observing this movement sometimes clients play a virtuosic way. There performances are not a just monotonic repetition of the same sound but keeps changing dynamics, loudness and intensity.This improvisation could be described by different musical terms as accelerando or rondo.


csati-by-gabo.jpgWithin the sphere of music therapy as well as in formal music education, it is essential that only well tuned instruments are used which produce pleasant sounds and are in good condition. Joy experienced through the creation of sound through music is only possible through the application of instruments of a relatively high caliber.

This task is further complicated by an additional requirement – that the musician actually finds enjoyment in the newly found instrument. This is only possible through careful research and experimentation, whereby the creation of completely new and creative instruments allows for options to choose instruments that suit their own, personal needs on the highest level. At times, specially customized instruments are often put away for later use if the orchestra-member does not respond well to the given instrument.


gitarpengeto2.jpgIn order to be able to persevere in musicing in the way of using the instrument should suit their gross and fine motor skills. For example banging a string instrument with a stick or mallet is a less complex movement than using picks. Although we are using large plastic cards with spongy or plastic handle musicians have to use different fine movements of their wrist to be able to pick, while in it is possible to bang the strings by using many different movements of the: elbow-, humeral-, or whist joints. It is also helpful to persevere if the movement of playing if the movement is synkinetic with their accustomed body- movements.


csillajo.jpgThe modification of the string instruments used in the orchestra was not complicated as these instruments were simply in need of tuning. There are guitars of varying size, with either plastic or metal strings, as well as a citera without frets. One of the musicians enjoys banging the purposefully hard metal strings of the guitar, which was modified to suit the strong and often aggressive automatic movements produced by this musician. This instrument is slightly similar to the dulcimer.




The percussion instruments, such as the glockenspiel, whose unnecessary keys were removed, were most definitely in need of modification and alteration. In a similar way, the xylophone was tuned with a filer in the wood carving workshop.



kalimba-jo.jpgOne of the musicians, whose automatic movements were rather slow and gentle, was only able to sound the kalimba with a small wooden mallet, whose metal slabs were adjusted with a screwdriver by fastening the anchorage points on the instrument.



ha-nem-tudja-hasznalni-a-kezet.jpgWind instruments used in the orchestra, such as the whistle, are also tuned to C and G. Musicians are willing to try the whistle but are inclined to favor the harmonica or mouth organ. The tiny tongues of the harmonica, otherwise known as the lamellas also need to be tuned to C and G. Yet another solution is to cover the lamellas that play sounds that are not in these keys and do not produce a perfect 5th. Furthemore, these instruments can be used without having proper hand movements.


zuzolok.jpgThe Nádizumzum, an instrument which is played by singing into the mouthpiece, belongs to the membranophon family under the subcategory of the mirtilons, a Hungarian folk alteration of kazoo. Kazoo also enlarges the possibilities, develops the singing-skills, furthermore children usually like sounding it. It is also useful when someone doesn’t know or doesn’t like the text of the piece, but wants to follow the melody. 


It is also recommended to involve other typical folk instruments of the nation or region where the method is used. I intended to teach other nations’ pentatonic songs to our orchestra-members. Making it clearly differentiable from the Hungarian cultural heritage, I also use the guitar for them which also fits the bagpipe-bass accompaniment well. Furthermore the sound of the zither is unique and loud, and it was used to accompany dances, therefore replacing it with something else causes distinctive changes in the sound.



The Ulwilla Method

Tiszai, L. (2004) Ulwilla módszer (Thesis. Berzsenyi Dániel Tanárképző Főiskola, Faculty of Music. Kaposvár, Hungary).

Ullrich, H- Vető, A (1996).: ULWILA színeskotta- Down Alapítvány 1996.

Vető, A (1993): Középsúlyos értelmi fogyatékosok zenei nevelése és terápiája egy német módszer alapján.(Thesis.Bárczi Gusztáv Gyógypedagógiai Tanárképző Főiskola, Budapest, Hungary.)

Modified Instruments:

Mandel R. (1980) Hangszerbarkácsoló. Budapest: Zeneműkiadó

Mandel R. (1985) Hangszerész mesterség. Magyar népi zeneszerszámok készítése.: Budapest: Múzsák.

Suggested citation:

Tiszai, L. 2015, March 07. Consonante /Instrumentation.